Forced labor, as defined by the International Labor Organization, refers to situations in which persons are coerced to work through the use of violence or intimidation, or by more subtle means such as accumulated debt (aka, “debt bondage”), retention of identity papers or threats of denunciation to immigration authorities.
The environmental atrocities of the palm industry that were witnessed in the 1990s served to give the
oil palm industry a pretty bad reputation among environmentalists. These abuses were well known and damaging the reputation of a material that should by all other accounts have a good environmental standing. Palm oil is, after all, the most efficient oil in that we can get more oil from a single palm plant than any other natural oil available.